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GBE kompakt

GBE kompakt is a series of publications by Federal Health Reporting Service (Gesundheitsberichterstattung des Bundes, GBE). Per issue, one health topic is presented, illustrated by current data.

Information is given for example, about how many people in Germany have a diabetes mellitus or what population ageing is and what implications it has for healthcare.

GBE kompakt is written by scientists of the Robert Koch Institute. This series targets a broad audience and is published at least once a quarter. It is only available as PDF document.

Search results 1 to 5 from a total of 27

No. 3/2015: Informal caregivers - Germany’s largest nursing service

In recent decades, life expectancy within the population has increased significantly. Many older people spend a large part of these extra years in mostly good health. Because of this demographic ageing however, the total number of older people with age and illness-related limitations is increasing. Of these, many are dependent on help or professional care be it temporarily or in the longer term. Permanent nursing and support of care dependent persons is therefore becoming an ever more important part of healthcare provision. The voluntary support of those affected offered by informal caregivers (i. e. family, friends and neighbours) makes an important and positive contribution toward living together in partnership as well as to cohesion of the generations. A person’s need for long-term care can, for immediate family and friends, also bring with it health related and mental stresses, as well as social risks as a result of financing support services or loss of earnings.
Due to the system of long-term care insurance family and friends are of central importance. Over 70 % of those officially recognised as in need of long-term care are looked after at home by family and friends, outpatient nursing services or a combination of the two types of carers . So even today family and friends still assume the major share of all care services: It is the aim of this edition of GBE kompakt to more precisely examine this contribution on the part of informal caregivers toward the nursing care of people in need of long-term care and assistance in Germany.Regular alcohol consumption endangers health and is associated with an increased risk of a variety of physical illnesses and mental disorders. This issue's interest is focused on alcohol consumption during adolescence since young people may be viewed as the most important target group for alcohol prevention measures. Attitudes toward alcohol, drinking motives and consumption patterns that form during adolescence often still exist in adulthood. Studies suggest that starting to drink early and excessive consumption of alcohol at a young age increases the probability of problematic alcohol consumption later in life and increases the risk of alcohol dependency.

Date of issue December 1, 2015PDF (216KB, Not barrier-free file.)

No. 2/2015: Alcohol consumption among adolescents - Current results and trends

Regular alcohol consumption endangers health and is associated with an increased risk of a variety of physical illnesses and mental disorders. This issue's interest is focused on alcohol consumption during adolescence since young people may be viewed as the most important target group for alcohol prevention measures. Attitudes toward alcohol, drinking motives and consumption patterns that form during adolescence often still exist in adulthood. Studies suggest that starting to drink early and excessive consumption of alcohol at a young age increases the probability of problematic alcohol consumption later in life and increases the risk of alcohol dependency.

Date of issue November 13, 2015PDF (199KB, Not barrier-free file.)

No. 1/2015: Growing up healthy – What significance does social status have?

Germany is among the richest countries in the world and has a well-developed social security system. Nevertheless, even in this country, children and young people grow up under very different conditions. The aim of this issue of GBE kompakt is to show the significance of social status with regard to the health of children and adolescents on the basis of a synoptic and extended presentation of study results. The authors examined physical and mental health, health behaviour and associated risk factors, as well as health-related care. Presented are the results of the »German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS Wave 1)« 2009-2012, conducted by the Robert Koch Institute.

Date of issue March 3, 2015PDF (980KB, Not barrier-free file.)

No. 4/2014: Noise annoyance – Results of the GEDA study 2012

Noise is defined as sound which is disruptive or unwanted. It can lead to a variety of negative effects. This issue presents results on noise annoyance in the living environment of the general population in Germany from various noise sources. The analysis focuses on examining the relationship between noise annoyance and selected demographic and socioeconomic factors, as well as self-reported physical and mental health problems. The results are taken from the “German Health Update” study (GEDA) of the Robert Koch Institute from 2012.

Date of issue December 20, 2014PDF (743KB, Not barrier-free file.)

No. 3/2014: 25 Years after the Fall of the Berlin Wall: Regional Differences in Health

On the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, this issue deals with the question of how and to what extent health in Germany developed in the last 25 years. It firstly considers data on mortality and the average life expectancy. Issues of cardiovascular diseases, cancer and mental health problems are addressed. The authors take a closer look at significant health determinants such as obesity, tobacco and alcohol consumption, and physical activity. In addition, the topic of health care, particularly the range of outpatient services, is covered. A  wide variety of data is used, which include official statistics as well as data from the health surveys of the Robert Koch Institute, and the Federal Centre for Health Education, among others.

Date of issue December 16, 2014PDF (6MB, Not barrier-free file.)