Navigation und Service

Zielgruppeneinstiege

Hinweis zur Verwendung von Cookies

Cookies erleichtern die Bereitstellung unserer Dienste. Mit der Nutzung unserer Dienste erklären Sie sich damit einverstanden, dass wir Cookies verwenden. Weitere Informationen zum Datenschutz erhalten Sie über den folgenden Link: Datenschutz

OK

Abstract zur Publikation: The hyphal-associated adhesin and invasin Als3 of Candida albicans mediates iron acquisition from host ferritin

Almeida RS , Brunke S, Albrecht A, Thewes S, Laue M, Edwards Jr. JE, Filler SG, Hube B (2008): The hyphal-associated adhesin and invasin Als3 of Candida albicans mediates iron acquisition from host ferritin
PLos Pathogens 4: e1000217.

Iron sequestration by host iron-binding proteins is an important mechanism of resistance to microbial infections. Inside oral epithelial cells, iron is stored within ferritin, and is therefore not usually accessible to pathogenic microbes. We observed that the ferritin concentration within oral epithelial cells was directly related to their susceptibility to damage by the human pathogenic fungus, Candida albicans. Thus, we hypothesized that host ferritin is used as an iron source by this organism. We found that C. albicans was able to grow on agar at physiological pH with ferritin as the sole source of iron, while the baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae could not. A screen of C. albicans mutants lacking components of each of the three known iron acquisition systems revealed that only the reductive pathway is involved in iron utilization from ferritin by this fungus. Additionally, C. albicans hyphae, but not yeast cells, bound ferritin, and this binding was crucial for iron acquisition from ferritin. Transcriptional profiling of wild-type and hyphal-defective C. albicans strains suggested that the C. albicans invasin-like protein Als3 is required for ferritin binding. Hyphae of an Δals3 null mutant had a strongly reduced ability to bind ferritin and these mutant cells grew poorly on agar plates with ferritin as the sole source of iron. Heterologous expression of Als3, but not Als1 or Als5, two closely related members of the Als protein family, allowed S. cerevisiae to bind ferritin. Immunocytochemical localization of ferritin in epithelial cells infected with C. albicans showed ferritin surrounding invading hyphae of the wild-type, but not the Δals3 mutant strain. This mutant was also unable to damage epithelial cells in vitro. Therefore, C. albicans can exploit iron from ferritin via morphology dependent binding through Als3, suggesting that this single protein has multiple virulence attributes.

Zusatzinformationen

Gesundheitsmonitoring

In­fek­ti­ons­schutz

Forschung

Kom­mis­sio­nen

Ser­vice

Das Robert Koch-Institut ist ein Bundesinstitut im Geschäftsbereich des Bundesministeriums für Gesundheit

© Robert Koch-Institut

Alle Rechte vorbehalten, soweit nicht ausdrücklich anders vermerkt.