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Unit 25: Physical Health

Christa Scheidt-Nave
Hannelore Neuhauser, Busch Markus

Unit 25 carries out current status reviews and trend analyses on non-communicable physical diseases and impairments to health in the population, incorporating all age groups.

Key topics are diseases and disease-related risk factors with high public health relevance, e.g. cardiovascular diseases and high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidaemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and allergic sensitisations, musculoskeletal disorders and physical and cognitive functionality.

The most important data comes from the periodically recurring representative population studies of the nationwide health monitoring system.

The unit is responsible for the indicators for physical health to be acquired in the scope of health monitoring and provides suggestions for the tools to be used. In addition, in-depth epidemiological studies are carried out together with scientific cooperation partners. The results are used for health reporting, policy advice and epidemiological research.


  • Trend analyses on morbidity (disease prevalence and disease patterns), physical and cognitive functional impairments
  • Trend analyses on disease-related risk factors, e.g. blood pressure, serum cholesterol and glycosylated haemoglobin A1c, and on risk profiles such as metabolic syndrome
  • Multi-factor assessments based on risk score of the trend over time of the absolute illness or mortality risk for diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases
  • Selected longitudinal analyses of the individual development of risk factors/risk profiles in different life stages and on the correlations between avoidable risk factors and the mortality risk
  • Analyses of health risks with high potential for prevention in specific stages of life and development, e.g. age and gender-specific distribution of physiological measured values and cardio-metabolic risk profiles, physical and cognitive functionality
  • Scientific management and coordination of the national diabetes surveillance system

Date: 01.07.2015