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GBE Booklets

The Robert Koch Institute's Federal Health Reporting service publishes a series of booklets (Themenhefte) covering specific topics of health reporting.

In addition to these booklets, the RKI publishes focus reports (Schwerpunktberichte), each covering a single health or health-system topic in a detailed and comprehensive manner.

You can either download these booklets as PDF files (German version only, except number 31 and 42) or receive a printed copy by post.

Search results 1 to 9 from a total of 53

Blindness and visual impairment

Blindness and visual impairment are usually caused by eye diseases. In Germany, eye diseases are predominantly attributed to three conditions: age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy.


Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by a blood-borne virus. Hepatitis C virus infection develops to chronic infection in most cases, which represents the leading cause of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Being one of the most common infectious diseases worldwide, hepatitis C has great medical, epidemiological and health economic impact.


Publication 52 "Mortality, Cause-of-Death Statistics and Regional Differences"

In Germany the mortality rate has fallen sharply over the last 20 years, more so in the former east Germany than in the west, so that a convergence has taken place. The main remaining discrepancy between east and west is among 15- to 64-year-old men.


Publication 51 "Depressive disorders"

Depression is one of the most common mental disorders. The individual and social consequences can be significant. Analyses of data from the 1998 Federal Health Survey show that quite a sizeable proportion of the population, especially women, are affected by depressive disorders. The prevalence of depression is also reflected in statistics on the number of people who are off work sick: they show that there has been a steady increase in mental illnesses in recent years.


Publication 50 "Schizophrenia"

Schizophrenia is one of the most severe of mental illnesses. It affects about 1% of the population worldwide at least once in their lives. The onset age is usually between 18 and 35. Schizophrenia is among the ten diseases worldwide involving the highest number of "years of life lived with disability", and for many patients it involves a considerable reduction in the quality of life.


Publication 49 "Inflammatory rheumatic diseases"

This GBE booklet deals with three main forms of inflammatory rheumatic disorders in adults: rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). It also has a separate section on inflammatory rheumatic diseases of childhood, focusing on the example of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Important information on the epidemiology, treatment and consequences of these disease groups is available from the German rheumatic registries ("Rheumatologische Kerndokumentationen") for adults and children.


Publication 48 "Costs of illness"

In 2006, an average of €2,870 per inhabitant was spent in Germany on maintaining the population's health and alleviating the consequences of disease. The amount spent nationwide totalled €236 billion. Another cost aspect to be taken into consideration is the loss to the labour market caused by inability to work, disability and mortality; this came to 4 million work years. Diseases of the circulatory system were the biggest cost factor (€35.2 billion). The second most costly category (€32.7 billion) was diseases of the digestive system. The chapter with the third highest costs was mental illness and behavioural disorders at €26.7 billion.


Publication 47 "Oral health"

On the basis of current and representative data, this Federal Health Reporting booklet provides an overview of the various diseases and disorders of oral health and their prevalence. It discusses risk factors and the causes and consequences of the various diseases. This overview of the German population's oral health is rounded off by information on preventive and therapeutic measures, their cost, and the extent to which they are used by the population.


Publication 46 "Employees in the health sector"

Some 4.3 million employees were working in the health sector in 2006, the equivalent of every ninth job in Germany. Characteristic features of employment in the health sector include a high proportion of women, working in shifts, at night, on weekends and public holidays, and a high proportion of part-time staff. The foundations for good health care are laid by a wide range of expert skills and knowledge and the kind of cooperation between professional groups that is clearly focused on patients' needs. Physicians (with 288,400 practising in 2006) are particularly important for health care.