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Abstract zur Publikation: Cell-free formation of misfolded prion protein with authentic prion infectivity

Weber P, Giese A, Piening N, Mitteregger G, Thomzig A, Beekes M, Kretzschmar HA (2006): Cell-free formation of misfolded prion protein with authentic prion infectivity.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 103 (43): 15818-15823. Epub 2006 Oct 9.

Prion propagation has been modeled in vitro; however, the low infectious titer of PrPSc thus generated has cast doubt on the "protein-only" hypothesis. Here we show that prion delivery on suitable nitrocellulose carrier particles abrogates the apparent dissociation of PrPSc and infectivity. Misfolded prion protein generated by protein misfolding cyclic amplification is as infectious as authentic brain-derived PrPSc provided that confounding effects related to differences in the size distribution of prion protein aggregates generated in vitro and consecutive differences in regard to biological clearance are abolished.

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