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GBE Booklets

The Robert Koch Institute's Federal Health Reporting service publishes a series of booklets (Themenhefte) covering specific topics of health reporting.

In addition to these booklets, the RKI publishes focus reports (Schwerpunktberichte), each covering a single health or health-system topic in a detailed and comprehensive manner.

You can either download these booklets as PDF files (German version only, except number 31 and 42) or receive a printed copy by post.

Search results 28 to 36 from a total of 53

Publication 27 "Sleep disorders"

Sleep disorders are frequent: According to different surveys, 25 % of the population suffer from sleep disorders, and 11 % describe their sleep as "frequently not refreshing". Sleep disturbance or a continuous lack of sleep impairs the body’s regeneration. In addition to the direct consequences for the person affected, chronic insomnia results in considerable social costs, e.g. as a result of errors made in production processes.

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Publication 26 "Physical activity"

Physical inactivity is a serious health risk factor. Estimates from the USA suggest that one fourth of all avoidable deaths due to chronic diseases are attributable to a sedentary lifestyle. Interventions to promote physical activity are advisable for the health benefits they promise; from an economical perspective they have been labeled a »best buy« for public health. International comparisons indicate that adult Germans show relatively high levels of physical activity.

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Booklet 25 "Breast cancer"

Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women. It is estimated that there are 47,500 new breast cancer cases in Germany each year. Breast cancer is responsible for 24 % of all new cancer cases among women. In 2003 17,173 women died of breast cancer. Since 1997 mortality rates are slightly decreasing but it remains unclear whether this decrease is due to early diagnosis or improved treatment.

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Booklet 24 "Diabetes mellitus"

Approximately 5 % of the German population have been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. About 90% of them suffer from type 2 diabetes, which occurs most frequently in older people. About 5 % of diabetics suffer from insulin-dependent type 1 diabetes, with onset mainly in childhood or adolescence. The other forms of diabetes mellitus are rarer. Many people can be expected to have diabetes without knowing it.

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Publication 21 "Self-help in the area of health"

Self-help groups, self-help organizations and clearinghouses have now become recognized elements of the health care system. Organized self-help, which has a long tradition in Germany, gained significant momentum during the 1980s and 1990s. A variety of factors still contribute to the development of selfhelp groups: the rise in the number of chronic health conditions, improved treatment programmes, increasing life expectancies, changes in primary social networks (family, relations and neighborhood) and increased public recognition of the value of self-help.

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Publication 22 "Skin cancer"

In the last few decades, skin cancer has gained importance in Germany. Since the 1970ies, incidence rates are rising. This can mainly be attributed to changes in leisure-time activity accompanied by an increased exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Malignant melanoma of the skin is the most familiar type of skin cancer, accounting for 3% of all malignant neoplasms. The incidence was about 12 cases/100.000 inhabitants in the year 2000. The mortality of cutaneous malignant melanoma was 2,6/100.000 for men and 1,6/100.000 for women in the year 2000 and five times higher than the mortality of other types of skin cancer.

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Publication 21 "Anxiety"

Anxiety is a natural innate response mechanism to dangers or threats from the environment. Anxiety reactions of people suffering from anxiety disorders are not appropriate and cause considerable distress and impairment.

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Publication 20 "Infertility"

During the last decades, the number of nonparous women in Germany has increased: More than 25% of women, who were born in 1965 are childless. In the last 10 years the age of mothers at their first birth has increased by almost 2 years to nearly 30 years. This reflects that the decision for parenthood is increasingly made at higher age, due to long periods of education and problems to combine professional work and family.

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Publication 19 "Pet Keeping — Chances and Risiks for Health"

Keeping pets is very common in Germany. Cats, dogs, birds, toy fish, rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, reptiles or amphibia can be found in many households. Living together with pets may very positively affect human health and well-being but also present various risks.

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