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GBE Booklets

The Robert Koch Institute's Federal Health Reporting service publishes a series of booklets (Themenhefte) covering specific topics of health reporting.

In addition to these booklets, the RKI publishes focus reports (Schwerpunktberichte), each covering a single health or health-system topic in a detailed and comprehensive manner.

You can either download these booklets as PDF files (German version only, except number 31 and 42) or receive a printed copy by post.

Search results 10 to 18 from a total of 53

Publication 45 "Expenditure and Finance in Healthcare"

The German Health Expenditure Accounts shows the national economy's total annual expenditure on maintaining and restoring the population's health. Germany spends approx. 10.6% of its gross domestic product on health, putting it within the upper third of the countries in the OECD's international comparison. Expenditure per capita is in the middle range of OECD countries. Health spending in Germany totalled €245 billion in 2006.

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Publication 44 "Vascular Diseases of the Legs"

Changes in veins in the leg are a widespread phenomenon in the German population: only about 10% of Germans show no abnormalities, 59% against at least spider veins and the like. The remaining 30% of the population have more severe symptoms of chronic venous disorders, such as varicose veins, fluid accumulations or venous leg ulcers. Moreover, an estimated one adult in every thousand suffers a thrombosis and more than 7000 Germans die of pulmonary embolism every year.

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Publication 43 "Hypertension"

The main symptom of hypertension is permanently high blood pressure. In the long term this causes damage to the arteries, increasing the risk of side effects and secondary diseases such as stroke and heart attack. The latter still have a significant impact in Germany, restricting quality of life and causing early retirement and/or early death in a large number of people. Because it is so widespread and the treatment costs are so huge, hypertension is classified as an economically significant disease.

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Publication 42 "Health consequences of violence"

The high incidence of domestic and public violence affecting women and children, but also men causes considerable health consequences, and more attention should be paid to this issue in medical diagnostics and preventive medicine. Recognizing violence as the cause of physical and psychological problems can help overcome the provision of too much, too little and/or the wrong care for victims. This booklet presents the results of national and international research on the health consequences of violence, paying particular attention to domestic violence against women. It also suggests guidelines and best-practice approaches to assisting the victims of violence.

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Publication 41 "Psychotherapeutic healthcare"

By international comparison, the Federal Republic of Germany has a dense, well-developed system of psychotherapeutic healthcare mostly financed by the statutory social insurance systems. It covers the full range of inpatient care (hospitals, clinics), semi-inpatient care (day centres) and outpatient care (surgeries, hospital outpatient departments, advice centres). Since the Psychotherapy Act came into force in 1999, ambulatory care of the mentally ill has been mainly in the hands of medical and psychological psychotherapists.

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Publication 40 "Alcohol consumption and alcohol-related disorders"

In spite of a declining trend over the last decades, Germany still remains one of the leading countries in the world in per capita alcohol consumption. Risky consumption patterns can already be found in children and adolescents. About 12% of the 12 to 15 year olds and almost half of the 16 to 19 year olds practice risky single occasion drinking once or more per month. Amongst adults between 18 and 59 years old about 22% consume alcohol in such a way that over the long term, physical, mental and social consequences can be expected.

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Publication 39 "Urinary Incontinence"

Although a common problem, urinary incontinence is still very much a taboo subject. Furthermore, prejudices are still very widespread, and this makes it more difficult to provide appropriate healthcare services and effective prevention. In both women and men, incontinence can be caused or made worse by a wide range of diseases, as well as by accidents, surgical operations, medication or certain lifestyle and psychosocial factors. In old age there are additional risks such as immobility, functional restrictions and dementia.

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Publication 38 "Accidents at work and occupational diseases"

Improved working conditions – including employment and health protection, and corporate and general measures to promote good health at work – are helping to reduce incapacity for work levels, accidents at work, and occupational diseases. Between 1992 and 2003, the number of accidents at work has fallen by almost half from 2.1 million to 1.1 million, and commuting accidents from 260,000 to 200,000. There has been a particularly sharp decline in the number of occupational diseases actually reported – from 190,000 to 65,000.

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Publication 37 "Uterine diseases"

Uterine diseases comprise different malign and benign diseases of the uterus and disease patterns with involvement of the uterus. About 28,000 women (incidence data from 2002) per year develop cancer of the corpus of the uterus (about 11,500), cervix (about 6,500), and ovaries (about 9,900). These are about 13.5% of the total estimated cancer incidence in women. Of all women died of cancer in 2004, about 9% died of carcinoma of cervix, the corpus of the uterus, and the ovaries respectively.

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